The M4 Rakowiec Housing Estate Festival was an in-situ story of Warsaw’s modernism from the pre-war period and the 1960s.
Rakowiec was a pioneering, new-style housing estate from the 1930s. Walter Gropius himself talked of its puristic architecture in favourable terms. The spirit of the architectural avant-garde may also be found in the residential buildings erected in the 1960s. It was in Rakowiec that the architect and artist Oskar Hansen tested the practical applications of his concept of Open Form. The M4 project referred to modernism, for example to the idea of modular design. Graphic designs were prepared for the visual identity of the pavilion, exhibitions and publications.